Selling on Amazon
If you’re an online retailer, you’re already familiar with the selling power of Amazon. The marketplace giant represents 40% of all online retail sales in the US, and its influential position continues to expand. In fact, 54% of active consumers in the US now say they begin their product searches on Amazon.
But success for brands and retailers isn’t guaranteed. In addition to being proactive and up-to-date with Amazon’s ever-evolving trends and requirements, you must also take steps to ensure your products and brand stay one step ahead of the ever-increasing number of sellers competing for consumer eyeballs and attention.
In this eBook, we’ll share some of the most important strategies that online retailers and manufacturing brands should employ on the ever-growing, ever-popular Amazon marketplace.
Strategy for Amazon Seller Growth
For brands and retailers that want to succeed on Amazon, simply listing your products on the site is not nearly enough.
As you strategize your approach to Amazon — and e-commerce as a whole — a growth flywheel can be an effective, high-level way to structure your thinking. Working through the flywheel can surface important questions, such as:
Where are my strengths? Where are my weaknesses? My opportunities? Am I investing enough in this part of the flywheel? Do I have all the pieces in place to keep growing my business?
There are five essential components that make up a holistic strategy for Amazon growth:
- Connect your products to Amazon effectively
- Market your Amazon listings to drive awareness and sales
- Sell your products by converting browsers into buyers at the moment it matters
- Fulfill your customer’s expectations with fast, efficient delivery
- Optimize your Amazon strategies to constantly improve results
Developing an Assortment Strategy for Amazon
Which products are you going to list on Amazon? All of them? A select few? What makes the most sense? These decisions will be largely informed by what kind of sales relationship you establish with Amazon.
When you’re assessing your product assortment, consider things like:
- Popular vs. low volume
- New vs. old
- Seasonality vs. evergreen
- Trendy vs. end of life (EOL)
- Full price vs. discount
Lastly, look at your catalog and try to determine if there are any products you can bundle together to create separate SKUs. This strategy often creates value in the eyes of a consumer, and increases average order value (AOV).
Creating variations can also be an interesting strategy that places multiple sizes or colors of a product onto a single landing page. It helps drive more traffic to one listing, as searches for all the child products drive consumers to a single listing page. And the more sales you make on that one listing page, the more relevant it becomes for the algorithm and the higher in the search algorithm your products will show.
Choose the Best Amazon Business Model for You
Amazon is both a retailer and a marketplace. As a retailer, Amazon purchases inventory in bulk and resells it at a profit, via a wholesale model. And as a marketplace, Amazon lets sellers list items on its site and takes a commission on sales.
Brands can choose between having a first-party (1P) relationship, where they sell products to Amazon via Vendor Central, or a third-party (3P) relationship, where they sell products directly to consumers via Seller Central.
Both of these models have their advantages and disadvantages, and it’s up to each brand to decide which is right for their business (if Amazon gives them a choice).
In a 1P arrangement, for example, a brand is responsible for advertising, promotions, and shipping products to Amazon, while Amazon controls the pricing and inventory. In a 3P arrangement, the brand controls advertising, pricing, inventory and any fulfillment or logistics (unless they choose FBA).
All options are on the table, though, and some brands leverage a hybrid model of both arrangements in parallel. One example of how that could work would be a brand selling most products through Vendor Central and leveraging Seller Central to push many of their older, end-of-life, lower-margin products.
Best Practices for Selling on Amazon
When getting started on Amazon, the key is to get compelling product information in front of purchase-ready consumers — without causing channel conflict. From preparing retailer networks to ensuring data feeds are accurate, all brands should address several essential elements from the start:
- Register your brand — If you’re the brand owner, register it immediately in the Amazon Brand Registry. It will help reduce any complications, protect your products from unauthorized sellers, and open up other programs for you like Sponsored Brands and Stores.
- Address your retailer network — Communication is key, and managing the expectations of every retailer who sells your products is important, especially if you have other retailers selling your products on Amazon. You don’t want to get into pricing wars with your own sellers and ultimately hurt your brand.
- Meet data feed requirements and resolve listing errors — Use a trusted integration solution to ensure you’re up and running smoothly and all your products are live, where they should be.
Many potential problems can be mitigated early by centralizing your approach to Amazon. You may have a team for content, a separate team for procurement, for advertising and fulfillment. But if they aren’t communicating in a central place with visibility into each other’s actions and a holistic view of your Amazon operations, there will inevitably be problems as you scale.
Register Your Brand on Amazon
Before you begin to list and promote products, it’s important to protect your brand by enrolling in brand verification and registration programs. This critical first step will give you greater control over your brand’s product listings and help ensure consumers receive accurate information about your products when they’re shopping on marketplaces. For example, enrolling in the Amazon Brand Registry Program enables you to easily find and report suspected violations — and to have inaccurate content from unauthorized resellers removed. Similarly, the eBay Verified Rights Owner Program allows owners of intellectual property rights to report eBay listings that may infringe on them.
Reduce Amazon Listing Errors
The majority of consumers begin their buying journeys on Amazon. And whether you sell on a single Amazon marketplace or in multiple countries, whether you sell as a vendor or a retailer, reaching those consumers all starts by connecting your product data to Amazon and configuring it to meet Amazon’s listing requirements.
The unique data structure of each marketplace can lead to listing errors, which is a common issue that all brands will need to address. Listing errors can cause products to appear incorrectly, or prevent them from showing up at all, which in turn leads to a poor consumer experience and loss of marketplace sales. Make sure your Amazon connections are error-free by ensuring your product data is clean, organized and in line with Amazon’s standards. When building your product titles, for example, here are several specific requirements:
- Titles must follow the recommended length of your product category characters
- Titles should not include promotional phrases like “great deal” or “get while supplies last.”
- Titles should not contain characters for decoration
Obviously, you should also avoid restricted products and categories when sending product data. And lastly, most categories require that you use a Global Trade Identification Number (GTIN), such as a UPC, ISBN, or EAN, as a product identifier when creating new product pages or matching to existing pages in the catalog.
Use Amazon Advertising to Improve Visibility
If you really want to boost your visibility and increase sales, Amazon Advertising is a must. But this is one marketplace where a simple manual campaign isn’t likely to cut it. Successful sellers know to look beyond the basics of keyword selection to create a truly strong strategy — one that’s virtually guaranteed to get your products in front of the right people at the right times.
So where do you start?
Successful sellers tend to take advantage of as many ad types as their budgets allows. The three primary ad types are:
1. Sponsored Products – Sponsored Products can be used to promote individual listings. Keyword-driven Sponsored Products appear alongside organic search results, and are ideal when the goal is to get high-quality clicks from consumers who are actively seeking out the products you sell.
Sponsored Products Best Practices:
First, Amazon allows for two types of targeting…manual and automatic. Manual targeting campaigns are powered by keywords that are determined by the advertiser. The campaign structure for these should be as granular as possible to reflect search queries and ensure high relevance with advertised products.
For automatic targeting campaigns, Amazon does the work for you with an algorithm that automatically matches highly relevant search queries with advertised products.
Utilizing a mix of both manual and automatic targeting will help cover your bases and should uncover the best performing approach without compromising your campaigns.
Keep in mind that both targeting types require some level of ongoing optimization in line with your overall business goals, including keyword management (both positive and negative), bidding adjustments, budget reallocation and product portfolio management.
2. Sponsored Brands Sponsored – Brands can be a great way to reach consumers who are browsing but don’t yet know what they want to buy. These ads often appear on top of search results pages to make people more aware of different choices as they peruse categories and listings, but they can also appear in various places on the results page. Sponsored Brands also allows for a video option, which is keyword-targeted, cost-per-click and becoming very popular in some categories.
Sponsored Brands Best Practices:
Leverage A/B testing performance to determine which items to display on your product carousel. The criteria can be based on numerous factors including category, best sellers, price point and product range.
You should also create a bid adjustment strategy based on a keyword’s traffic level and relevancy to help maximize ad visibility.
Next, utilize high-quality images, specifically “lifestyle” images, if possible, to increase customer engagement and conversion rate. The idea is that you want the user to envision what the item looks like while being used.
Lastly, only promote products that are in stock to avoid a poor customer experience and missed sales. It’s always a good idea to have a process in place to ensure that the stock level is high enough to meet demand as well as an alerting system to update the ads when products are out of stock.
3. Sponsored Display Ads – Sponsored Display Ads can help you reach new audiences through display ads on specific product detail pages, the Amazon home page or across third-party apps and websites.
Sponsored Display Ads Best Practices:
Leverage bid optimization and recommendation functionality to help expand the campaign’s reach.
Also, be sure to add a brand logo and a headline to any auto-generated ad creative to help improve relevance and detail page view rate.
Finally, you should take advantage of dynamic segments to target audience groups that are more likely to engage with the ad and drive traffic and product consideration.
You can think of Amazon advertising accounts as a puzzle — where each ad format plays a specific role in the advertising mix.
Having a variety of Amazon ads will help ensure your products are seen by different consumers at various stages — whether they’re simply browsing or are ready to “buy now.” Together, they ensure full funnel coverage within the Amazon landscape.
Having multiple ad formats also allows you to distribute your budget based on campaign-level objectives in order to maximize profitability.
Relying on a dedicated specialist or agency partner can help ensure you’ll know precisely when a promotion is performing well and warrants additional bids, or when it’s time to reallocate your budget to new keywords.
How to Approach Amazon Advertising
At Rithum, we believe a four-prong approach is essential for success with Amazon Advertising or any retail media program. Basically, the four elements can be summed up as: content, catalog segmentation, targeting and automation.
- Content — Ensuring the content relates to how customers are actually searching for your product improves the relevancy score of your ad related to a customer’s search which allows you to show up in higher placements, at a lower cost. The higher your relevancy, the more efficient your ad spend is, and the more room in your budget you have to scale.
- Catalog Segmentation — Your product catalog is a collection of many smaller parts, not one homogeneous group. Campaigns optimize off of the products included in each of them so segmenting your campaigns by sub-brands, categories, and product types allows them to feed off of the performance of similar products and optimize towards success. You can also segment your campaigns by product lifecycle, margin levels, inventory levels, or top performers to push and pull spend where necessary.
- Targeting — Targeting is another way to influence when certain products show up and where. We talked a little about the importance of both automatic and manual campaigns in Amazon. Product Detail Page (PDP) targeting is another way to defend your own brand’s inventory on your product pages as well as go after competitors’ ad inventory on their PDPs.
- Automation — Automating your advertising campaigns helps ensure that an account runs smoothly, makes changes based on performance data, and allows the workload to be focused on more strategic initiatives. Automations include automated bid adjustments based on return goals and performance criteria, negating and including keywords based on performance, activating and pausing products in campaigns based on their performance, and dayparting to accommodate specific customer shopping patterns.
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Optimize Amazon Advertising Listings
Before consumers can buy your products, they have to find them in the Amazon search results. Deliberate, detailed and accurate product data can help ensure that happens.
When writing your product listings, put yourself in the minds of consumers. What are they looking for, and how are they going to search for it? Several best practices can help in identifying the ideal mix of keyword combinations:
- Research. Start by doing a search for a similar product to see what listings come up high in the rankings, and to find words you may not be using already.
- Make your product titles descriptive. Use only highly relevant, accurate keywords that help describe your brand, product name, key features, colors, sizes and quantity.
- Don’t focus on repeating title keywords in your description, as Amazon already factors those into search results.
- Only use terms that describe your specific product. Amazon doesn’t permit third-party brands or trademarks as search terms. Use hidden keywords, where appropriate. The optional hidden key field is an opportunity to use synonyms, acronyms, abbreviations and other alternatives that consumers may be using to find your products.
Not only do over half (54%) of US consumers begin their product searches on Amazon when they set out to “buy” a product, a growing number (41%) also begin their search on Amazon when their intent is simply to “research.” Accurate information builds trust, and the more trust you can build during their consideration phase, the greater your chances of success.
A+ Content and Stores for Registered Brands
If you’re a registered brand on Amazon, Amazon A+ Content provides a fantastic opportunity to let you present your brand and your products the way you want.
Free and unlimited for both vendors and sellers, Amazon A+ Content is one of the most effective ways to increase traffic and sales — and to cross-promote your other products — by giving you the ability to display:
- High definition videos
- Enhanced images
- Comparison charts
- Robust FAQs
- And more
In addition to A+ Content, Amazon’s Stores help you expand coverage across the marketplace and exercise more control over the consumer journey, potentially:
- Driving customer acquisition and engagement
- Boosting organic ranking Increasing cart size and volume of sales
- Generating better return on ad spend for your Sponsored Brand Campaigns
Learn more about how to build a successful Amazon Store in the Rithum Resource Library.
How to Reach the Amazon Buy Box
You already know how important the Buy Box is on Amazon. And with only one Buy Box available per item, you’ll find yourself competing with a number of other retailers all trying to win it. The Buy Box is located on a product’s page — where a consumer starts the purchase process — and is highly visible.
To win the Buy Box, you must meet Amazon’s criteria in a number of areas. Although Amazon closely protects the exact formula for calculating the Buy Box, it takes into consideration:
- A competitive price
- A positive customer feedback metric
- Fast and efficient delivery
- Volume of inventory
- Low refund and return rates
Though it generally takes some time for a new seller to build up a sales history that will win them the Buy Box, focusing on these aspects is good for business regardless of the marketplace. They’ll not only help to increase your sales but will also contribute to your customers’ overall satisfaction.
Keep Your Prices Competitive
When listing a product on Amazon, you’ll often be competing against hundreds of other sellers offering the same item. One of the best ways to stand out from the crowd and stay ahead of the competition is to constantly offer competitive prices.
However, you still need to retain a sufficient rate of return — and use safeguards to ensure you don’t inadvertently breach policies elsewhere by failing to lower your product prices across sales channels.
One way to manage the effectiveness of your repricing is through an automated repricer. The ideal solution will allow you to set parameters around pricing values while preventing the potential for undercutting retailer listings. To understand how to implement repricing tools on a practical level, it’s first important to recognize the different types of repricers:
A marketplace repricer (e.g. Amazon repricer) helps sellers win sales at the highest possible price, by continually monitoring the listing and evaluating the quality of the competition to arrive at the optimal price.
A velocity repricer changes pricing to competitive levels across your various marketplaces based on the total quantity sold for products, allowing sellers to take action to move stale inventory or to maximize profit on fast-selling products.
Repricers help sellers win the Buy Box and best offer positions. They also increase competitiveness and visibility of your products among bargain-savvy consumers.
Overall, for brands, automated repricers prevent product erosion and help catch MAP pricing violations before they start a ripple effect. In addition, they provide maximum profits while also helping your business react to real-time demand and move product.
Choose the Right Amazon Fulfillment Option
Two options offer access to the golden shelves of Amazon Prime: Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) and Seller Fulfilled Prime (SFP).
While both allow you to sell on Amazon Prime, each includes a unique set of features.
Fulfillment by Amazon, as the name suggests, means your orders are completely fulfilled by Amazon. You send a portion of your inventory to Amazon’s fulfillment centers, where it’s stored until a customer decides to buy it. Amazon then picks, packs and ships the items directly to consumers for you. FBA also manages customer support and returns, and keeps your inventory secure and insured against possible losses or damages.
With Seller Fulfilled Prime, fulfillment is in your hands. Customers will purchase through Amazon Prime as usual, but your company ships the items directly with no intervention from Amazon. You use the Amazon Prime brand name and shipping rules, but it’s up to you to pick, pack and ship to Prime members. Keep in mind that you’re also responsible for returns, which are automatically authorized by Amazon.
FBA and SFP offer different advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to vet the two options carefully against your business needs and goals.
The shipping option is Merchant Fulfilled Network (MFN), which is Amazon’s terminology for what others call Fulfilled by Merchant (or FBM). It’s the non-Prime version of Seller Fulfilled Prime, where sellers list products on Amazon, but manage all storage, shipping, and customer support independently.
Amazon’s Other Fulfillment Options
Amazon Local Selling — Amazon provides a program that a lot of sellers aren’t aware of: Amazon Local Selling. This option is often beneficial for Amazon 3P sellers who also offers a local delivery option to customers close by or you provide buy-online-pick-up in-store at your retail stores and warehouses.
This program allows you to offer your products to Amazon customers who live within certain zip codes and within a 25-mile radius of your retail stores and/or warehouses. By offering local delivery services and/or BOPIS, your products will be visible to customers in Amazon’s product search results and on product detail pages. Customers will be able to choose between home delivery and in-store pick-up options.
Understand Your Amazon Competition
With millions of brands and retailers competing on marketplaces, it’s imperative for brands to have full visibility of the competition on major channels. Understanding how other sellers are promoting and positioning products will provide the advantage you need to get (and stay) ahead.
Delivery times, pricing of similar products and feedback ratings all have a big impact on which listings make it all the way to the final “place your order” button. By regularly evaluating these and other factors, brands can gain a solid understanding of what they need to do to drive more sales. This is especially true on Amazon, where the ability to identify small changes as they occur can make all the difference in staying ahead amidst a highly competitive environment:
The Competitive Environment Dashboard for Amazon provides much deeper insights than can be achieved by relying on Amazon alone. Brands can use it to get a snapshot of the current competitive landscape, drill down to specific productlevel details and stay ahead by:
- Identifying opportunities for improving Buy Box performance
- Tracking the average number of competitors per ASIN
- Remaining up-to-date on top sellers offering your products
- Keeping tabs on which products Amazon is selling directly
- Discovering the 100 best Amazon sellers in any category at any time
- Knowing when it’s time to act on MAP and proprietary ASIN violations
- Identifying competitors who are advertising on your PDP (product detail pages) and develop/launch effective defensive campaign strategies
- Developing an offensive strategy for product targeting/competitor targeting
Improve Your Customer Metrics
A positive customer satisfaction rating is essential for not only retaining existing customers, but also securing new ones. Why? Because most consumers look at reviews before making a purchase, and 85% of them trust those online reviews as much as personal recommendations.
For this reason, it’s not just what your customers are saying, but how you respond to their reviews that matters. This is because sometimes, if a customer had a bad experience with, say, shipping, their review may be more about that specific experience than about the product itself. Working to resolve those issues can go a long way in gaining loyalty and trust.
Amazon provides a wealth of information on how your brand is doing with respect to customer satisfaction. It’s important to watch a number of performance metrics, including:
- Order Defect Rate (ODR), which measures the percentage of orders that receive negative feedback.
- Return Dissatisfaction Rate (RDR), which measures customer satisfaction with how returns are processed.
- Late Shipment Rate, which measures the percentage of seller-fulfilled orders confirmed after the expected ship date.
Remember, your reputation on Amazon is extremely important. Customers listen to other customers, and that affects your bottom line. Keep a close eye on your metrics and ensure that you’re dealing with requests quickly and efficiently.
Selling on Amazon in Other Countries
Around the world, people are turning to Amazon to meet all kinds of shopping needs. And Amazon has expanded to meet the demand of both consumers and brands. Amazon now operates in 13 different countries — including marketplaces in the UK, US, France, Germany, Italy, Australia, Spain, Canada, Japan, China and more — offers Prime memberships in over 20 countries and ships products to over 100.
Selling internationally could significantly increase your consumer base and sales. To start, the Amazon Global Selling program opens up your Amazon product listings to international consumers who are already shopping on Amazon and is a great way to “test the waters” of cross-border trade. You’ll get great insight into which regions provide the most demand and can see which countries are predominantly buying your products — then use that knowledge to determine if expanding to a marketplace there will be cost-effective. And since you’re selling through Amazon, you won’t need to translate or localize your listings for other regions.
Signing up for the Amazon FBA Export program is also a great idea if you’re considering selling internationally. This program allows your products to be purchased from Amazon by international consumers for fulfillment through Amazon’s many centers around the world. It works just like FBA does for domestic orders and can save you valuable time as well as the hassle of shipping abroad.
As a driving force behind the global e-commerce landscape at large, Amazon sets the stage for successful online selling. But the days of simply listing on this marketplace giant are long gone. Staying up-to-date on the latest trends, requirements and best practices will remain crucial as you continue to learn which marketing, selling and fulfillment techniques work best for your customers on Amazon.
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